Installing A Water Well On Your Property For Residential Water
If you live in an area that does not have access to public water from your city or municipality, you may need to consider having a well drilling company come and drill a new well on your property for you. Work with a well company to determine the best location for the well, and what other parts are needed. This is the best way to ensure you have enough water for your home.
Selecting a Location For Your Well
When you are considering putting a new well on your property, it is essential to select a location that will produce a good amount of water and is not so far from your home that the well pump has to work harder than it should to get the water to the house. Some terrain features can help determine the best locations to consider, and many times the well drilling company will make a recommendation where to drill to find the water you need.
Rivers or old river beds are often an indication of water in the area, and natural springs can be an excellent place to start. The well can not be anywhere near a septic tank or leach field because bacteria in these systems can end up in the soil and could contaminate your new well. You can often research the area online or at the local town hall to find information about the aquifers' location in the area.
The depth of the well you need is not always something you can determine before the well drilling begins. Even if you know where the aquifer is, the depth at which you will encounter enough water to supply your home is hard to predict. Often the well will produce water at different levels, but for most households, you need to have a good flow of water.
As a rule, a residential well should produce three to five gallons of water per minute, but more is better. In some situations, a well that is producing at two hundred feet may be fine, or other times you may need to drill further to get the water you need.
The well drilling company will monitor the amount of water coming from the well as they drill it and often stop when they hit a good, consistent water flow. A good well that produces constantly can fill the well casing when you are not drawing water from the system, creating a stored amount of water in the well that you will be able to use and that will help keep plenty of water available for your home.